Gas Handling Accessories
Uncoupling DIN Fittings From SCUBA Valves
There is more to disconnecting a DIN fitting from a valve than you might imagine. Do it incorrectly and you will probably lose an o-ring and perhaps even need to have your regulator serviced. The problem is most pronounced in using DIN fittings on fill whips, and more rarely on first stage regulators. The o-ring popping out of the nose of the DIN fitting is an issue on scuba regulators and fill whip hoses and it is caused by failing to completely bleed residual pressure before uncoupling the fitting.
On fill whips, you can be certain all the pressure is released by opening the bleed and waiting a few extra seconds before starting to unscrew the fitting. You need to wait a moment after the hiss stops, because the bleed hole is tiny and gas will continue to escape even after the hissing stops. Compact ring-style bleeds found on fill whips that twist either direction to bleed are popular because you can't lose the bleed screw, but with this design you must make sure the ring is centered on the bleed opening because if you keep twisting you will close it again with out fully bleeding the hose.
DIN fitting designs use a two or three part assembly in which the threaded component with a handwheel collar slides onto a hollow center post and is retained by a 'nose cap' that contains the sealing DIN o-ring on the front and a smaller o-ring on the back. Improperly unscrewing the collared threads by rocking the entire assembly back and forth, or just using brute force to 'break' the seal can eventually can loosen the center post and/or nose cap causing a leak or seal failure the next time you try to use the fitting. We've seen the loosened nose cap act as a 'locking' mechanism, resulting in the fitting becoming frozen in to the DIN outlet and impossible to remove. Sometimes you can 'save-a-dive' by using a hex wrench to hand tighten the DIN assembly but a loose assembly is nearly impossible to permanently correct in the field and usually requires bench service to be able to fully tighten and lock the assembly back in place.
Proper technique to uncouple a DIN fitting requires you be careful to only turn the collar in the DIN fitting, don't grab and turn the entire assembly. If you can't easily turn just the collar to unscrew, i.e. you have to use force on the the entire assembly to 'break' the seal, then the line is not fully depressurized and you need to repeat the bleed.